The following is provided as food for thought. The
logic is a bit deep here and there and who's to
say the conclusions are correct? It is merely an
exercise of the mind starting with the three main
attributes of God and then drawing conclusions.
The information is provided here to provoke your
thought. Consider it if you choose.
The 3 Attributes of God are:
- Omnipotence - He has the power
to do anything He desires (Job 42:2;
- Omnipresence - He is in all
places, all the time (Jer. 23:24;
1 Kings 8:27; Psalm 90:2).
- Omniscience - He knows all things
(1 John 3:20).
Out of these attributes flow His
- Election - choosing who is saved
(John 1:12-13; 6:37-40; Eph. 1:4;11;
Rom.. 8:29-30; Acts 13:48; Phil.
- bringing into reality his will
(Eph. 1:4-5; Rom. 8:29; )
- Creation - bringing the universe
into existence (Isaiah 44:24; Col.
- Providence - guiding and providing
for His creation (Psalm 135:7; Ecc.
3:13; Acts 14:17).
- There are natural conclusions
to be drawn from God's attributes.
He is omnipotent,
then He has the
power to accomplish
anything He desires.
He can create, alter,
or destroy a universe
and all that is
- His omnipotence necessitates that He retain complete control over all objects that exist and events that occur; otherwise, He would not be omnipotent.
- Therefore He is able to Create whatever He desires and govern over all He has created.
- If He is omnipresent,
then nothing is
hidden from Him.
- This includes all dimensions; all time whether past, present, or future; and every form of existence either thought, action, or substance.
- Therefore God fully encompasses all that exists.
- If He is omniscient,
then He eternally
things actual as
well as potential.
- Furthermore, it is necessarily true that God comprehends all things from His eternal nature since omniscience, by default, is to know all things eternally lest there be a "time" when God did not know something.
- God comprehending all things actually means that He comprehends all things that do exist.
- This includes all objects in the entire universe, all thoughts, all actions, all motions, etc.
- God comprehending all things potential means
- all things that could exist but do not exist whether they be thought, motion, deed, object, energy, etc.
- all things that have existed but no longer exist whether they be thought, motion, deed, object, energy, etc.
- all things that will exist but do not yet exist whether they be thought, motion, deed, object, energy, etc.
- Logically, there are an infinite number of potential objects and events and combinations of objects and items that could have existed. But since they do not all exist, their knowledge is restricted to the mind of God, since only He could conceive of an infinite number of potential objects and events.
- Logically, there are an infinite number of potential object and events that were not chosen by God (through His creative action) to exist outside of His mind. Therefore, the present world is the world that God has chosen to exist out of an infinite number of possible existences.
- To deny God's omniscience is to deny His omnipresence. In order for God to know all things, He must be in all places at all times, past, present, and future.
- If God's omnipresence is denied, then this god is not the God of the Bible.
- If God voluntarily does not know all things (i.e., He chooses to restrict His knowledge of future free will choices of people), then, since He is omnipresent, He would have to know all the choices of people - by default. To not know these things would be impossible for God since it would entail a type of "forgetting" where God would choose to not know something which He must, by nature, know. This is self contradictory and cannot be true. Therefore, God must know all things because He is omnipresent and because He is omnipresent, He knows all things.
- Therefore, since
God is omnipotent,
omniscient, He is
able to create anything
He desires while
knowledge and complete
control of all actual
objects and actions
- including perfect
knowledge and complete
control of all possible
events of all those
objects and actions.
- It necessarily follows that all things (actual and/or potential) that have been, are now, or will be in existence occur by the direct control of God and/or the permitted control of God.
Conclusion: With all knowledge,
God has absolute control over all
- In creation God brought
into being a finite set of actualities
derived from an infinite set of
been created and
set in motion by
God the actual number
of objects and events
that will occur
has been decided
upon by God.
- It cannot be that these are unknown to God, lest that violate His omniscience.
- None of the
can they be accidental,
- since accident would suggest something beyond God's omnipotence, omnipresence, and omniscience.
- since accident would imply another "god" outside the knowledge, presence, and control of God.
- None of these
function in a manner
that is outside
the knowledge, presence,
or control of God
- because they have been brought into being by Him.
- because God cannot make something greater than He.
Therefore all that
exists is under
His knowledge and
- All that exists, exists not
because of accident, but because
God has ordained that it exist.
By ordain, I mean
to order by virtue
of His superior
authority and purpose.
- This includes
any result of any
combination of events.
- ....since that result would have been foreknown and, therefore, ordained by God as He selected and permits the causes that brought that result.
Therefore, all results
are foreknown; that
is, they are known
because they are
ordained by God,
and, by logic, must
be what God has
either caused or
permitted to occur.
- This includes
those events which
are the results
of creatures with
- no will could exist apart from the knowledge or control of God because God created all wills and/or the condition that provides for the existence of the will.
- human freedom (being able to make equal choices of right and wrong - libertarianism) cannot be unknown by God since He is in all places at all times. Because He is in all places at all times, He necessarily knows all the choices made by all people.
- It follows then that evil is
something permitted by God, not
caused by Him, yet is and under
His absolute control.
- God cannot be
the author of evil
since God is holy
and God cannot violate
His own nature.
- If God violated His own nature, He would be self contradictory and, therefore, not be omnipotent, omniscient, and omnipresent since all three attributes are concurrent with self-absoluteness.
- Evil is the
- yet it is not greater than He, nor is it out of the reach of His control, nor beyond His knowledge lest it violate His attributes of omnipotence, omniscience, and omnipresence.
- God has created the circumstances by which rebellion against Him is permitted but it is not He who is the direct cause of the rebellion.
- God encompasses
all that is, including
evil. In other words,
evil is permitted
to exist within
the infinite realm
of God's existence.
- Evil, apart and separate from God, operates within His controlled realm, because nothing could exist outside God's control.
- Evil, then,
the realm of God,
can be used by God
for His good (Gen.
50:20; Acts 2:23).
- This is true since God is omnipotent, omniscient, and omnipresent and would have ordained evil's permitted existence in the universe for the purpose of accomplishing His ultimate will....otherwise, it would not be permitted to exist.
- Additionally, it also follows,
then, that everyone is either elected
or not elected into salvation.
- This is because
in God's infinite
control of all things
in all time, nothing
can exist that He
has not brought
directly into existence
or allowed to indirectly
come into existence.
- This includes the person with the will to choose or reject God.
- The human "freewill" cannot exist outside the knowledge, control, and purpose of God, lest God not be omniscient, omnipotent, and omnipresent.
- Each person is created by God with tendencies, preferences, and abilities.
- This includes the "tendency" to believe or not as some maintain.
- Each person is put, by God, in an environment that is helpful or not helpful to receiving the gospel.
- God is aware of all these variables, knows the outcome, and places the person there.
- Therefore, salvation
is ultimately dependent
solely upon God
because God is in
control of all variables
of all situations
including the wills
of His creation.
It could be no other way.
Please send me your comments if you are intrigued,
confused, or stimulated to think by the above outline.
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Copyright by Matthew J. Slick, B.A., M. Div.,
I welcome your comments via E-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org